Taken from, http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history
On this day in 1983, the Soviet Union releases a letter that Russian leader Yuri Andropov wrote to Samantha Smith, an American fifth-grader from Manchester, Maine, inviting her to visit his country. Andropov's letter came in response to a note Smith had sent him in December 1982, asking if the Soviets were planning to start a nuclear war. At the time, the United States and Soviet Union were Cold War enemies.
President Ronald Reagan, a passionate anti-communist, had dubbed the Soviet Union the "evil empire" and called for massive increases in U.S. defense spending to meet the perceived Soviet threat. In his public relations duel with Reagan, known as the "Great Communicator," Andropov, who had succeeded longtime Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev in 1982, assumed a folksy, almost grandfatherly approach that was incongruous with the negative image most Americans had of the Soviets.
Andropov's letter said that Russian people wanted to "live in peace, to trade and cooperate with all our neighbors on the globe, no matter how close or far away they are, and, certainly, with such a great country as the United States of America." In response to Smith's question about whether the Soviet Union wished to prevent nuclear war, Andropov declared, "Yes, Samantha, we in the Soviet Union are endeavoring and doing everything so that there will be no war between our two countries, so that there will be no war at all on earth." Andropov also complimented Smith, comparing her to the spunky character Becky Thatcher from "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" by Mark Twain.
Smith, born June 29, 1972, accepted Andropov's invitation and flew to the Soviet Union with her parents for a visit. Afterward, she became an international celebrity and peace ambassador, making speeches, writing a book and even landing a role on an American television series. In February 1984, Yuri Andropov died from kidney failure and was succeeded by Konstantin Chernenko. The following year, in August 1985, Samantha Smith died tragically in a plane crash at age 13.
Also on This Day
Lead Story Andropov writes to U.S. student, 1983
American Revolution Cornwallis retreats from Guilford Courthouse,1781
AutomotiveItalian Formula One driver dies in crash, 2001
Civil War Confederates overwhelm Union at Marksâ€™ Mills, 1864
Cold War Andropov writes to an American fifth-grader, 1983
Crime A father is exonerated after 21 years,1989
Disaster Air tragedy hits Canary Islands, 1980
General InterestGround broken for Suez Canal,1859
Space telescope in orbit, 1990
Hollywood Ginger Rogers dies, 1995
Literary Robinson Crusoe is published, 1719
Music Ella Fitzgerald is born, 1917
Old West A play lionizing Davy Crockett opens, 1831
Presidential Truman inaugurates White House bowling alley, 1947
Sports Maple Leafs win third Stanley Cup in a row, 1964
Vietnam War Johnson announces appointment of Westmoreland, 1964
North Vietnamese Army close to cutting South Vietnam in two, 1972
World War I Allies begin invasion of Gallipoli, 1915
World War II Americans and Russians link up, cut Germany in two, 1945
I always find it interesting to see where we've been. Hope you enjoyed this look back!
Until next time, Happy Reading!
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